Psychological trauma is an event in a person’s life that causes very strong emotions and feelings, and an inability to react adequately. At the same time, there are steady mental pathological changes and consequences for the inner world of the individual.
What is a psycho trauma
It’s a certain life experience that a person isn’t ready for. The means of solving problems known to him are not enough, or they are simply not suitable in this situation (“I was not prepared for such a life”). As a result, there is a sharp and strong nervous excitement and energy depletion.
Psychotrauma is a deep individual reaction to any event significant for a person, causing a strong mental tension and negative emotions in the future, which a person is unable to overcome independently. As a result, there are steady changes in the psyche, personality, behavior and physiology.
Injury can result from a disposable influence of a particular irritant or cumulative system as a result of regular but seemingly traumatic events.
What kind of situation becomes psychotic
Stressful situation then becomes traumatic, i.e. acquires the status of psychological (psychic) trauma, when the mechanism of psychological protection of a person is destroyed, as a result of overload (physical, mental and adaptive). The following features are characteristic of trauma:
- A person understands that it is this event that has worsened his or her psychological state;
- external factors had an impact;
- habitual way of life after this event becomes impossible in the understanding of a person;
- the event causes horror, helplessness and powerlessness in a person, to change something, at least to try.
For a normally developing person, such a situation is, of course, something beyond the generally accepted norms of life, for example, a situation of threat to life, violence, disaster, terrorist attack, military action. But the very combination of “threat to life and security” hints at a certain degree of subjectivity of the issue. Therefore, it is impossible to say unequivocally what exactly and for whom will become a psychologically traumatic situation.
Thus, for example, in psychology, it is customary to refer to the human experience being carried over to the death of a close person for natural causes, conflicts (including family ones), dismissal, and illness. Criminal actions and strong influence of natural elements are intolerable. But in everyday life, death is always a traumatic event, and not everything will be adequately tolerated by the disease (despite the fact that it is a disease).
Signs of psychological trauma
Among the emotional symptoms we can mention
- Mood swings;
- Guilt and shame;
- Reduced self-esteem and self-confidence;
- anxiety and fear;
- feeling of needlessness.
- Physical attributes include:
Sleep disturbance, fearfulness;
- Changes in breathing and heartbeat;
- any functional disturbances in the systems (e.g. chair disturbances);
- muscle tension;
- impairment of cognitive abilities;
The likelihood of injury is influenced by internal and external factors. External factors include:
- Physical injury;
- Loss of family and/or home;
- fatigue, lack of sleep;
- Tension, disturbance of daily routine and lifestyle;
- deterioration of material well-being;
- loss of employment;
- change of social status;
- Lack of support.
Among the internal factors it plays a role:
- age (elderly people and children are particularly vulnerable);
- sex (women are more vulnerable as adults, boys as children);
- Individual characteristics (excitability, emotionality, instability, impulsivity contributes to the development of trauma);
- Personal characteristics (traumatization is more susceptible to anxious people with pronounced depressive and hysterical features, sensibility, infantile, immobility of protective mechanisms and coping strategies), as well as the level of motivation, value orientations and attitudes, moral and volitional qualities;
- emergency preparedness, similar experience;
- initial neuro-psychological and somatic state.