Mental injury is a common combination, rooted in speech, but it is also part of a reality that is noticeable, treatable, curable, fracture, cut or other body damage
What’s important to know when they talk about psychological trauma? Isn’t it an ephemeral phenomenon that was invented by psychologists and psychotherapists in order to have something to treat?
The psychological reality of the psychological trauma is confirmed by the so-called PTSD syndrome, which has a lot of information online. In reality, there are a number of signs, behavioral peculiarities, and experiences that show that a person has had a strong psychological impact and has not been able to cope with it on his own. Most of the difficult cases of mental trauma are just such – not to cope on their own.
PTSD’s theory is that pre-trauma events should pose a real or perceived threat to a person’s life or body, in circumstances where the person was unable to protect himself or herself from danger. This threat could not be experienced at that time, there and then, so it left a mark in the psyche and body of the person. Since the psyche is an ephemeral formation, subtle and elusive, it is easier to imagine the trace of trauma as a habitual, “wide” way of passing signals through the neural pathways in similar circumstances, in similar experiences.
In the body there are not only neurons and nets, the body has ligaments, tendons, bones and muscles. With the help of these tools a person moves and communicates, exchanges information – that is, lives. Just like a cut scar, the body can have a trail of trauma. Its reality is observed in posture, gait, in the usual movements, reminiscent of compression. “Compression” can be subject to speech, and this can lead to hesitation, difficulties in pronouncing, and stuttering. A trace of trauma is always compression. Just as the wound heals on the body, the tissue shrinks, tightening the edges of the wound, so too does a certain area of the body shrink when experiencing a traumatic episode of life.
There are many psychotherapies and techniques of psychotherapy, which do not describe the trace of psychological trauma as something bodily, existing in the form of instrumental detectable in the body of the usual spasms or circulatory disorders, because there is nothing to compare. We don’t know what the body of the same person would look like on the scanner if they hadn’t survived the traumatic episode. Nevertheless, the image of compression, any other material image can be felt in the body, with some psychotherapeutic work and attention to the body sensations. These psychotherapies and these techniques call for working with trauma as a metaphor to be addressed, something that can be relaxed, warmed up, coughed up or exhaled using the imagination or exercise recommended by the therapist in the session.
We know many techniques of coping with stressful situations, which in one way or another lead to relaxation of the body. We also know the works of Reich and Lowen on the topic of removing “body clamps”, “muscle armor” – some protective neoplasms in the structure of the body, the only purpose of which was to protect the body from traumatic damage to the soul, to protect in the future. But the relaxation and destruction of the shell is only half the treatment, the other half is a positive experience of further life and body functioning.
A trail of trauma can also be experienced outside the body, next to it, in the vicinity. For example, a person who has survived a “headache” as a passenger may be very tense when objects “from the front” approach him or her quickly. The one who is attacked on the right will also be careful to feel the extra-body border to the right of his body at the psycho therapeutic session.
Who and how brings us mental trauma
Thanks to psychoanalysis, we can give parents a lot of credit. Education – it is unthinkable without traumatization, but the correct upbringing also includes treatment for the baby as an animal, educational influences. The topic – how to heal immediately in the process of education – does not fall within the scope of this material. One suggestion can be made that maternal caress and hugs, fatherly support and forgiveness are good tools for curing psychological trauma in education.
But fate and nature, due to their structural and systemic nature, ordered so that the one who in life before the birth of the child did not heal his traumas of the psyche, passes them on verbally, in non-verbal communication, in the form of refusal to accept, in the form of manipulations. That is, “destiny” and “nature” is a system that “wants” to preserve and transmit its structure and properties. Changes come only with the will and the share of violence.
Cross-generational trauma and trauma of the genus – terms from the new psychoanalysis – have appeared as a result of observations of psychoanalysts for people whose ancestors suffered repression, were destroyed in camps, disappeared, survived hostilities or genocide.
The most important question that remains unanswered is why some people experience traumatic events quickly and without a pathological trace, while others keep traumatic memory in their psyche and body. Are these characters or characters the result of traumatic influences placed on genetically pliable ground or on the body of a dog on which everything heals itself? Are people who are labeled “clean” by fighting or hurricanes in the absence of PTSD symptoms, or are they also mentally traumatized? It is probably possible to cure and test whether or not there is a trail in the body.
Technogenic events, which can also cause traumatic experiences, accidents and catastrophes, force you to study psychology and ways of working with people, both at the scene and afterwards.
What is re-traumatisation and why you want to go back to being traumatized
Combat veterans remember their experiences and like to watch videos on youtube corresponding to events, a clear request for “video trauma” has a frequency of more than 5000 per month, a person tends to return to places and people who once brought psychological trauma. Meanwhile, the phenomenon of clogging, encapsulation of psychological trauma is known – reliably sealed and disconnected neural communication saves from repetition of events, normally – we don’t try to burn several times about a heated stove, it doesn’t bring pleasure and develops a reliable security reflex.
The phenomenon of retraumatization, on the contrary, leads a person to a place where he was in mortal danger, where he lost a loved one, to memories. Undead and poorly encapsulated psychological trauma makes itself felt – under certain circumstances, on a certain date – returning and continues to lead like a maniac to the scene of the crime. Here works, first of all, the incompleteness of the situation, a powerful impression. Ancient people knew the technique of “victory dance”, which was performed in case of a favorable outcome of dangerous situations. We have lost these skills, it is worth remembering them.
It is uncomfortable to cry for loss – we tend to restrain emotions. To grieve in public – where is it possible? It’s easier to get weaker, to encapsulate some of your life force and to live with what’s left of it.
In our culture – to write gigabytes of songs about separation and parting forever, about the death of submarines and ships, to write and publish tons of books, so that it would not be forgotten what would be good and not to remember. The nations that survived the genocide, in a special way, including legislatively, judicially, defend the irreparable losses historically caused by the enemies. Culture is one of the largest and most spacious containers of psychological trauma. In my opinion, it is better this way – in the form of paper or code, than in the body or from generation to generation.
The second way to build social containers for psychological trauma is to build subcultures. Communities where certain rules of behavior, appearance, ways of common leisure are accepted, one way or another uniting participants by type of traumatization. Unification helps, but does not cure.
Probably an attentive psychologist will list many other ways that people have invented to cope with psychological trauma. It is a pity that only a few psychologists and psychotherapists study and apply primitive methods of its treatment, and these transient methods can be the fastest and most reliable.
Working with psychological trauma
Time heals, they say alone. Time teaches you to live with pain – others believe. Both are true. Independent definition of psychological trauma, independent work with it is difficult enough and similar to surgery on yourself.
The most difficult traumas of childhood, which are well hidden and inaccessible, with rapid techniques of therapy, and remain uninhabited, in which case the person is taught – where the hot stove, and prohibit him to touch it.
The most harmful traumas – the so-called “development traumas” are similar to medical co-injured traumas – slow down mental development, leaving a person, or rather a certain sub-personality, at the age at which it happened. They form addictive behaviors, anesthesia, depriving these people of the opportunity to be healthily attached to another person, to be together, to part, to meet again.
The most important thing that is necessary in the treatment of psychological trauma is the presence of another person, who may not be a psychotherapist. Maybe it will be a confessor, an Orthodox priest. Full acceptance and support, strong trust.
The second thing that is important is that people accept their limitations. These restrictions are the starting point in therapy, it is important to know where to go from and where to.